Newspaper transcripts - 1840s


Extracts from the Chatham Gleaner, August 3, 1844 –
Transcripts made by Alison Kilpatrick.

August 3, 1844:
   We are sorry to say that rather a serious affray took place this week about 25 miles from Chatham, on the road to London, between some of the laborers on that road, and the neighboring settlers; some Indians from Moravian town were also concerned. The laborers were ultimately beaten off, but an inhabitant named William Gardiner, who appears to have been the innocent cause of the ‘skrimage,’ was so severely injured that little hope is entertained of his recover. The Indians behaved with remarkable moderation: their guns were loaded, but not a shot was fired, though their butt ends formed very effective weapons, as many a broken sconce can testify. The row commenced, as in most such instances, from a very slight cause.

August 24, 1844:
The Cheapest and most Direct Route through
The New, Fast Sailing Steamboat
   Walter Eberts, Master.
Will run during the season of 1844, as follows:
   Leaves Chatham., Every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday mornings, at 8 o’clock precisely, for Windsor and Detroit, thence to Malden at 3 o’clock, p.m.
   Leaves Malden, Every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday mornings, at half-past 7 o’clock, touching at Detroit and Windsor at 10 o’clock for Chatham.
   THE BROTHERS Runs in connexion with a daily line of Stages, established between Chatham and Queenston, by which (and the steamers on lake Ontario) passengers will be enabled to reach Kingston in at least four days from Chatham, passing through the flourishing towns of Chatham, Louisville, Moraviantown, Wardsville, Delaware, London, Ingersol, Beachville, Woodstock, Paris, Brantford and Hamilton. Passengers can leave Hamilton by steamboat for Toronto, Rochester, Oswego, Kingston, or any of the intermediate ports on lake Ontario.
   Gentlemen from all parts of the States, will find this route very agreeable during the summer and winter, as it passes through the most flourishing parts of Canada West.
   From Detroit, through Canada on this route to Oswego or Rochester, the journey to the city of New York, can be accomplished in 4-1/2 days!
   The Daily Line of Coaches run to and from the Steamboat Brothers at Chatham, through to London by day light, every morning at 4 o’clock. The Chatham and London Road now in progress for planking, should ensure to laboring men immediate employment.
   For further particulars apply to
Eberts, Waddel & Co., Chatham
D. Forsyth, Chatham
T.M. Taylor, Chatham
J. & J. Dougall, Windsor
L. Devenport, Windsor
Gillet & Desnoyers, Detroit
Park & Co., Amherstburg
M. Seger, London
G. Babcock, Brantford
W. Weller, Toronto
M. Davis, Hamilton
   Chatham, April, 1844.

January 6, 1846:

County of Kent Agricultural Society.
   A General Meeting of the County of Kent Agricultural Society will be held at the Royal Exchange, in the town of Chatham, upon the first Tuesday in January, 1846, being the sixth of the month.
   It is earnestly requested that all the Farming Community around will attend, and lend a helping hand to promote the interests of so laudable a Society.
   A.R. Robertson,
   Sec., C. K. Agricultural Society.
Chatham, Dec. 22, 1845.

   To be published by W
ILLIAM BILLYARD, Civil Engineer, District Surveyor, &c. and Richard Parr, Civil Engineer, Deputy Provincial Surveyor, &c. of Chatham, a
Map of the Western District.
This Map will distinctly show all the Concessions and Lots in each Township, the Roads established by the Quarter Sessions and the District Council, the New Roads made by the Board of Works, all the Towns, Villages, Streams, Mills, Post Offices, &c., together with the Roads, Railroads, Canals, Harbours, &c., either completed, in progress, or proposed; and in order to render it generally useful, it will embrace that part of the Frontier of the United States bordering upon the District; to which will also be attached Distance Tables, shewing at one view the correct distance to and from all the principal places.
   As no time has or will be spared to render this Map generally useful to all, the Authors look with some degree of confidence for some share of public patronage in this undertaking.
   This Map will be upon a scale of 1-1/2 miles per inch, and will be in size about 4-1/2 feet by 4 feet, and will be a Copper plate Engraving, on the best style of the art.
Terms:—On Common Paper, in sheets, 15s.; on Extra Paper, in sheets, £1; Plain Mounted, £1 7s. 6d.; Mounted and Coloured, on Rollers, £1. 15s.; Mounted on Rollers, Coloured and Varnished, £2.
   Subscriptions received at this Office, the Post Office, the Royal Exchange, and by J.G. Weir, Esq., Chatham; A. Duff, Esq. Sandwich; and at L. Crooke, Esq., Errol.
Transcriber’s note: This map was published by Hugh Scobie (Toronto) in 1847.

January 13, 1846:
   At the annual meeting of the county of Kent Agricultural Society, holden at the Royal Exchange Hotel, in the town of Chatham, on Tuesday, the 6th day of January, pursuant to public notice,
   Joseph Smith, Esq., in the chair.
Moved by Mr. Edwin Larwill, seconded by Mr. A. McKellar,
   That Mr. Joseph Smith act and officiate as President of the county of Kent Agricultural Society, until the first quarterly meeting, to be held at the Royal Exchange, on the second Wednesday of April, at 10 o’clock, a.m.,
at which time it is earnestly hoped that the delegates from the different Township Branch societies will attend, and again (if required) proceed to the re-election of their respective officers. [emphasis added by transcriber]
Moved by Mr. John Goose, seconded by Mr. Jacob Shepley,
   That Mr. Archibald McKellar act and officiate as Vice President, under the first resolution.
Moved by Mr. A. McKellar, and seconded by Mr. Mattew Martin,
   That Dr. A.R. Robertson act and officiate as Secretary, under the first resolution.
Moved by Mr. Jacob Shepley, seconded by Mr. John Goose,
   That William Cosgrave, Esq., act and officiate as Treasurer, under the first resolution.
   Moved by Mr. John Goose, seconded by Mr. William Thompson,
That the following persons act and officiate as Directors of the Society, under the first resolution viz.:
   Messrs. William Cosgrave, Joseph Smith, Archibald McKellar, Edwin Larwill, Duncan McGregor, William Thompson, John Stewart, T.M. Smith, James Smith (of Dawn), Robert Smith (of Tilbury), James Read, Jacob Shepley, John Goose, Joseph Slagg and William Baby.
   The meeting then adjourned until the first quarterly meeting to be held, in accordance with the new constitution, on the second Wednesday in April, at 10 o’clock, a.m., at the Royal Exchange Hotel, in the town of Chatham.
   A.R. Robertson,
   Sec’y County Kent Agl. Society.
It is again earnestly solicited that the different Township Branch Societies will make a strenuous exertion to have themselves properly organized, and that when their respective delegates attend the quarterly meeting, on the second Wednesday of April, they may be furnished with the requisite amounts to hand over to the Treasurer, in order to enable him to obtain the munificent boon, granted by the government, for the encouragement of Agriculture in this Province, and that ere many years roll over our heads, we may form one united and great Provincial Society, by our mutual joint co-operation.

March 31, 1846:
   Of the Western District, for the year 1846, are to be held at the following times and places: …
   7th Division, Morpeth.
Friday, 20 February, Thursday, 16 April, Thursday, 4 June, Saturday, 8 August, Saturday, 10 October, Friday, 4 December.
   A. Chewett, J. W. D. C.

General Quarter Sessions.
Western District,
OTICE is hereby given, that a Court of General Quarter Sessions for this District, will be held at the Court House, in the town of Sandwich, on Tuesday the 7th day of April next, at ten of the clock in the forenoon, at which time and place the Justices of the Peace, Coroners, High Constable, Gaoler, Constables, and all others interested, are desired to take notice, and give their attendance accordingly.
Sheriff’s Office, Sandwich, 14th March, 1846.

April 6, 1846:
   To the Editor of the Chatham Gleaner.
   An Agricultural Meeting was held at the house of A. McKay, Harwich, on Saturday, 21st Feby., 1846, for the purpose of electing office bearers for the Harwich, Howard and Orford Branch Agricultural Society. George Young, Esq., was called to the chair, M. Bassett appointed secretary, Benjamin Bell, Esq., was chosen president, George Young Treasurer; Oliver Stewart, Andrew Gesslie, Jacob Shepley, Peter Walker, John Steward, sen. and Alexander McKay, were chosen directors.
   A meeting of the directors was held at Rushton’s School House on Saturday, March 14th, at which they fixed the award of premiums for the ensuing season. By order of the directors,
   M. Bassett, Sec.
Howard, March 16, 1846.

Sept. 15, 1846:
   NOTICE is hereby given, that the Inhabitants of the County of Kent, in the Western District, will apply at the ensuing Session of Parliament, for leave to form the Townships comprising the said County into a separate district. The Gaol and Court House to be erected in the Town of Chatham on the ground set apart and reserved by the Government for that purpose; and also an additional rate of assessment not exceeding one penny in the pound, may be raised for the purpose of erecting such Gaol and Court House.
   Chatham, Sept. 14, 1846.

March 2, 1847:
Extracts from the Minutes of the Municipal Council meeting of the Western District held in Council Chamber, District Court House, Sandwich, on the 5th February 1847:
   Mr Henry presented petition and documents respecting a school section to be sanctioned on the East side of the township of Orford.
On the 6th February, pursuant to adjournment:
   The Council went into committee of the whole upon Mr Henry’s draft of a by-law ‘to authorise the raising of the sum of ten pounds for the relief of the indigent sick or infirm persons in the township of Orford.’
   Mr McLeod in the chair.
   The bill was read a second time and notice given of a third reading to morrow.

March 9, 1847:
Pursuant to adjournment of the Western District Council meeting (see previous news extract), on the 9th February 1847:
   Mr. Henry’s by-law ‘to authorise the raising of a sum of ten pounds for the relief of the indigent sick or infirm persons in the Township of Orford, was read a third time and passed.

March 16, 1847:
Pursuant to adjournment of the Western District Council meeting (see previous news item), on the 10th Feburary 1847, excerpt from the Report of the Committee on Schools:
   That the petition of Donald Buchanan and others of Orford, be laid over till next session for more satisfactory information.

Clipping from the 23rd March 1847 edition:


April 20, 1847:
   Province of Canada, Western District, to wit:
   Gilbert Fisher Jones, of the Township of Orford, in the Western District, of the province of Canada, Miller, commission issued by Alexander Chewett, Esq., Judge of the District Court of the Western District, dated the thirteenth day of April, 1847. First meeting of Auditors on the first day of May, 1847, at the Court House, in the Town of Sandwich, in the said Western District, at ten o’clock in the forenoon.
   George Wade, Foott, Sheriff, W.D.
Sheriff’s Office, Sandwich,
April 15th, 1847.

May 4, 1847:
Extracts from Minutes of the District Council, meeting held in the District Council Chamber, Sandwich, 2nd February 1847
   Mr Girty had leave to defer his petition for a By-Law to levy a rate for the poor of the township of Orford, until tomorrow.
Pursuant to adjournment, at the meeting reconvened on the 4th February:
   Mr. Henry brought up the petition of the inhabitants of Orford, praying for a By-Law to raise a sum of money for the support of the poor of the said township, which was read and filed, and notice given of the first reading of a By-Law for tomorrow.
No mention of this item was recited in the newspaper from Council’s meeting next day.

July 6, 1847:
   Execution.—Peter Davis, the coloured man who escaped from the Gaol of this District, on Sunday the 20th ult., was captured at Clear Creek, in the township of Orford, on Sunday the 27th, and brought to Sandwich on Tuesday last, the day on which he was to expiate his crime. In consequence of the unfortunate criminal not reaching Sandwich until the afternoon, he was not executed until nine o’clock,
P.M. of that day. He met his death with great firmness and appeared to be perfectly resigned to his fate, which he said was justly merited. The Rev. Mr. Ritchie, the much resepcted Rector of Sandwich, was in attendance at the Gaol from the time of the arrival of Davis, and was unwearied in administering the last consolations of religion to the wretched man, who, as the Rev. gentleman has assured us, joined earnestly in prayer, and expressed a firm hope of pardon through the merits and mediation of our blessed Lord and Saviour.
   The crowd congregated to witness the execution was, as in similar instances, great, but we have not heard of any improper or indecent manifestation of feeling on the occasion.—
Western Standard.

July 20, 1847:
IVISION OF THE DISTRICT.—We this week congratulate our readers, and the county of Kent in general, upon the final passage of the bill for dividing this [Western] district. It received the royal assent on the 9th inst., and has thus become law; and so soon as the county of Kent shall have erected a court house and gaol, the governor will by proclamation set it apart, thereafter to be known as the District of Kent.
   Left to ourselves, it will be our duty to profit by the experience of the past, and do our utmost to have the District departments efficiently organized; to do this we must keep out the old leaven, or the whole will soon become tainted. We learn from our Montreal correspondent, that the number of applicants for the district offices, already presented to the government, exceeds belief.

   THE CROPS.—Our friends at a distance will learn with pleasure that during no period for the last ten years, have the prospects of a great and good harvest been more evident in this district. Fall wheat is now being harvested; there are no complaints of either rust or the fly having effected [sic] it, and in both quality and quantity it is better than for many years past. The spring crops are most luxuriant, grasses abundant, and, best of all, the potato crop never looked better: we have seen fields upon fields in full bloom; whereas last year no potato blossom was seen in this neighborhood. These are all matters of congratulation, and taken in connection with other matters effecting [sic] our local interests, import much for the future prosperity of the new District of Kent.

September 21, 1847:
AUTION.—All persons are hereby forbid purchasing either of two notes of hand for £25 each, given by me to Donald Campbell, dated Orford, April 1st, 1847, one payable six months, the other one year, after date, as I have already paid the same.
   George Henry.
Orford, 8 Sept. 1847.

November 16, 1847:
   Municipal Council, W.D. [Western District]
   Sixth Day.
   Monday, 11th Oct., 1847.
As part of the Finance Committee Report:]
   Your Committee beg leave to report that there are also individual claims of a similar nature [
i.e., resulting from an inquiry into the defalcations of the late Clerk of the Western District], two of which are in the opinion of your Committee just, viz: David H. Gesner of Orford, for his salary as Township Clerk, the sum of £4; also Wm. L. Smith of Howard, for the maintenance of an indigent person, £5.
and in other business:]
   Mr Henry moved, seconded by Mr Ruddell, that the former petition from the inhabitants of Orford be reconsidered.* Carried.
   [*subject matter not specified.]

November 23, 1847:
AUTION.—I hereby forbid all persons purchasing a note of hand, of the sum of £30, given by me to William Sheldon, in April last, as I have received no value for it.
   George Henry.
Orford, Nov. 5, 1847.

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© Alison Kilpatrick 2018